Foreign Exchange Trading

Daily foreign exchange trading volume has more than tripled in the last decade to roughly $4 Trillion US. Much of the increase comes from speculators in currency markets, especially individuals taking advantage of online Forex trading. Online foreign exchange trading allows traders to buy and sell foreign currencies virtually around the clock on all business days. The major currency markets are London, New York, and Tokyo. How to trade Forex starts with opening a trading account and obtaining software compatible with that of a broker. Then any person with sufficient capital can engage in foreign exchange trading. The US dollar is part of over 80% of trades and the vast majority of all trades are between the major currencies which are as follows:

United States Dollar – USD
Euro – EUR
British Pound – GBP
Japanese Yen – JPY
Swiss franc – CHF
Canadian Dollar – CAD
Australian Dollar – AUD

Foreign exchange trading can be lucrative and foreign exchange trading can be financially disastrous. Would be traders need to learn the fundamentals that drive Forex markets and develop Forex technical strategies that lead to profits. Like all business endeavors there is a high rate of failure in the early months and years. The problem for the beginning trader is that he is always trading against professionals with years of experience and substantial research experience. As hedge funds and other new investors enter into foreign exchange trading they bring with them or hire professionals who map market trends and develop increasingly sophisticated computer programs to anticipate market movement and execute split second trades. The backbone of foreign currency trading is comprised of the international companies and banks that exchange currencies as part of their business. These companies often engage in options trading in order to hedge currency risk and have decades of experience in reading the Forex markets.

Professional Forex trading operations typically have a host of professionals at every level of trading, strategic development, and IT in order to develop and execute successfully. While the beginning Forex investor is simply wondering how to trade currency an institutional trader will be using complicated algorithms to profit from the volatility of the Euro in the face of an ever growing debt crisis. Traders will develop dozens of trading models and then test and compare with historic trading data. The beginning investor can do the same but does not have the “horse power” to keep up with the large operations. The flip side is that an individual trader does not need to enter into every possible trade. He does not need a steady income stream to pay the salaries or dozens of support personnel. An individual trader has the option to follow the currency pair or pairs of his choice and execute the occasional, hopefully profitable, trade based upon clear and compelling data and reasoning. A common means of limiting investment risk and also leveraging investment capital is to buy options in foreign exchange trading. A trader buys puts in order to profit from a down turn in a currency he owns and calls to profit from an upturn in a currency he wishes to buy. His investment risk is limited to the premium paid and he has the potential for a multiple return on investment.